Dialogue and the Cultural Other in Conflict Situations: An Augmented Understanding

Dialogue and the Cultural Other in Conflict Situations: An Augmented Understanding

by Michael Atkinson – [ Journal of Dialogue Studies Vol 7 ]

Video

Abstract

In edition 1 volume 1 of the Dialogue Journal I outlined the case for a three-tiered framework to theoretically position intergroup dialogue. The framework was based on a) the concept of difference between groups, b) the bridging of difference through an inclusive vision, and c) transformation framed through the understanding of predominant dialogue scholars, chief amongst which was Paulo Freire. Although useful, I found the framework inadequate, particularly when applied to conflict situations. In short it fails to appreciate and interrogate difference and its role in the dialogue process. In particular, it does not take account of the competing narratives upon which difference and conflicting identities can interact. A framework of moral psychology based on the workings of behavioural psychologist Johnathon Haidt was utilised to go deeper into the manner in which people construct their sense of cultural identity. Haidt argues that we position the cultural other according to broad conceptions of moral reality to identify with either the certainty of a cultural in-group or the flexibility of broad notions of humanity. This paper explores this augmented framework of dialogue in the case of negotiations to treaty between Aboriginal Victorians and the Victorian government in Australia. Data analysis on interviews of key figures in the treaty process, as well as the analysis of an online interactive campaign involving members of both groups, revealed a hidden complexity to the dialogue process and the discourses from which cultural threat is framed. The paper argues the case that well thought out theories around identity can augment our understanding of dialogue.
Related Articles
Understanding the Psychological Mechanisms that Constrain the Transfer of Dialogue Effects
Dialogue and Peacebuilding in Colombia: A Dialogic and a Transformative Relationship
Aspects of Effective Dialogic Interventions
Dialogue and Environmental Education: Conflicts Between Marine Conservation and Fishing
‘Culture of Dialogue’ as a Decolonial Peace-Building Tool: The Case of Colombia
Photovoice: A Focus on Dialogue, Young People, Peace and Change
Reflection: The Challenge and Power of Dialogue
Pedagogy of Care and Dialogue: A Theoretical Review of Approaches to Moral Education
‘Lived Faith’ as an Approach to Inter- Religious Dialogue – Designing for Discussion
Faith, Peace Building, and Intra-Community Dialogue in South Yorkshire, UK
Philosophical Hermeneutics and Comparative Political Theory
Tribal Morality and the Ethical Other: The Tension Between Modern Moral Aspirations and Evolved Moral Dispositions
“Holding Oneself Open in a Conversation” – Gadamer’s Philosophical Hermeneutics and the Ethics of Dialogue
’Stir It Up’: Contestation and the Dialogue in the Artistic Practice of the Twin of Twins
Involving Disadvantaged People in Dialogue: Arguments and Examples from Mental Health Care
Civic Dialogue: Attending to Locality and Recovering Monologue
Integrity and Dialogue
A Critique of Dialogue in Philosophical Hermeneutics
’Just Send Me Word’: the Promise of Dialogue
Bohmian Dialogue: a Critical Retrospective of Bohm’s Approach to Dialogue as a Practice of Collective Communication
The Dalai Lama’s Dialogues
Studying Dialogue - Some Reflections
On Dialogue Studies